Monday, May 25, 2020
Ninety- Nine Percent Supporting and Rooting for the One Percent In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, the rich get richer and the poorer get poorer. Why is it that our Ã¢â¬Å"land of opportunityÃ¢â¬ society is so filled with so much inequality? The poor are often the ones with losses. According to Joseph E. Stiglitz, the author of Ã¢â¬Å" Rent Seeking And The Making Of An Unequal SocietyÃ¢â¬ , individuals of society are made to believe that: Ã¢â¬Å"The poor, in this land of opportunity, have only themselves to blame.Ã¢â¬ Millions of individuals in our society are losing jobs daily, but the one percent of the top class is not losing their jobs. As a result of this inequality, an egocentric and a society filled with inequality has formed. In Robert ThurmanÃ¢â¬â¢s essay, Ã¢â¬Å"WisdomÃ¢â¬ , Thurman claims that a society filled with inequality is formed as a result of giving importance to the self. However this claim can be falsified by comparing it to the text by Martha Stout, Ã¢â¬Å "When I Woke up Tuesday Morning, It Was FridayÃ¢â¬ . In Martha Stout Ã¢â¬Ës text her patient, Julia is extremely successful. Along with her successes Julia does not give much importance to her self. Julia often disassociates from reality is unsure of her self, so she cannot give much importance to her self. Considering this it is accurate to hypothesize that our society filled with inequality is not resulting from individuals giving importance to the self. However , it can be justified to blame the top one percent for the inequality in our nation. The selfish behavior
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Here is an easy fire project that produces flames cool enough for you to hold. The secret ingredient? Hand sanitizer! Hand Sanitizer Fire Materials Be sure your hand sanitizer lists ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol as the active ingredient. Other chemicals may not work or may burn too hot. What you need: Hand sanitizer gelLighter or match Instructions On a fire-proof surface, make a pattern using the gel.Ignite the edge of the gel. The flame will spread.If you like, you can touch the flame. Be careful! Although the hand sanitizer flame is relatively cool, its still fire and it can burn you. Colored Fire You can mix colorants into the hand sanitizer gel to produce a colored flame. Boric acid or borax (found in cleaners and pest control products) will produce a green flame. Potassium chloride (lite salt) will give you a purple flame. You can create cool special effects by applying the burning gel to other surfaces. For example, coating a metal object will form a halo of flame around it, which makes a great effect for photos. If you choose to coat a flammable object (e.g. a stuffed animal or a cardboard shape), soak it in water first. While this wont completely protect flammable matter from damage, it will keep it from bursting into flame. Watch the video of this project. How to Put the Fire Out Because hand sanitizer is a mixture of water and alcohol, once some of the alcohol burns, the water puts the fire out on its own. How quickly this happens depends on the specific product youre using but its usually around 10 seconds. If you want to put out the flames before that, you can simply blow them out, as you would a candle. Its also safe to douse the flame with water or suffocate it by covering it with the lid of a pot. About Hand Sanitizer Fire Hand sanitizer has applications beyond killing germs. Gels that contain ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol produce a relatively cool flame that is made more manageable by the high percentage of water in the product. You can use the gel to draw with fire or for projects in which you need to hold fire. Keep in mind, the flame is still hot enough to burn you if you hold it too long and it can also ignite paper, fabrics, etc. Take care to perform this project in a safe location, away from flammable material. As with any fire project, its a good idea to have a fire extinguisher or at least a glass of water handy. Hand sanitizer fire is an adult-only project. Fun Fire Projects If you liked making fire using hand sanitizer, try these related flame science experiments. How to Breathe Fire, Safely: Using a nonflammable, edible chemical to breathe fire.Handheld Fireballs: Water is the key ingredient to creating a flame cool enough to hold.Make Green Fire: You can use the same chemical to color hand sanitizer flames.More Fire Projects: Were just getting started!
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
According to an article on wcax.com, Ã¢â¬Å"more Vermonters died from opiate overdoses last year  than murders and traffic fatalities combined.Ã¢â¬ Some opiates have medically valid uses, while others are recreational drugs of abuse. All are physically addictive, and it has become evident that many people have begun to abuse them. Pharmaceutical drugs have taken over the minds of many Vermonters. I do believe that Vermont is facing a severe epidemic when it comes to opiate addiction. According to Governor Peter Shumlin, Ã¢â¬Å"We re spending roughly $134 million of taxpayer dollars a year to incarcerate drug- and alcohol-addicted people.Ã¢â¬ The amount of money spent on addicted people is astonishing. This dollar amount could be greatly reduced ifÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Unlike methadone, which is administered at a hospital, clinic or drug-rehab facility, Suboxone is a take-home prescription that is filled at a pharmacy. As such, itÃ¢â¬â¢s more prone to abuse. Today, Suboxone is one of the most common street drugs in Vermont, and is regularly used and abused in the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s correctional system. Ã¢â¬ ¦An 8-milligram dose, which costs $8 at a pharmacy and $10 to $15 on the street, sells for about $100 behind bars. In fact, a 2005 case study on Vermont by the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reported that Ã¢â¬Å"buprenorphine is widely available in the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s correctional facilities,Ã¢â¬ though itÃ¢â¬â¢s unclear whether inmates use the drug more to get high or get clean.Ã¢â¬ I do understand that suboxone can be a great tool for treating drug addiction, but it can also be great for that guy on the street looking to get high. Furthermore, why would this drug be available to the members of the prison system if there was any potential of abuse? People who are incarcerated will withdraw. There is no need to allow them to replace their addiction with suboxone. Are inmates provided with methadone while in prisonÃ¢â¬âNo. The reason for this is because methadone is a highly controlled substance. What is wrong with Vermont? Two months ago, on a Friday afternoon, while attending a doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s appointment on south prospect street in South Burlington, I witnessed a woman banging on a door just inside the entrance of theShow MoreRelatedSubstance Abuse And The United States1210 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSubstance abuse is a very current problem in the United States. Opiate addiction is a particularly difficult problem in the State of Vermont where the abuse of prescription opioids has created addictions for many individuals. The problem of substance abuse has severe repercussions that may encompass severe dependence and overdose.1 Substance abuse is an epidemic that cannot be ignored. 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First it is important for the parent to be informed of the hard facts so that they can convey the appropriate information to their kids. First explaining the legal side of using drugs is beneficial in raising the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness of repercussions that can be associated with experimenting with drugs. More than 100,000 inmates are convictedRead MoreAddiction : Addiction And Addiction985 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesof how far and wide the epidemic of opioid abuse extends: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Addicts often start to abuse drugs early in life, some before age 10! Government statistics on drug abuse patterns begin at twelve years of age (http://1.usa.gov/1OVes6i). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Approximately 6.5 million people ages twelve and older were inappropriate users of prescription painkillers in 2013 (http://usat.ly/1ODnn92). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Between the years 2000 and 2010, the number of annual deaths attributed to abuse of painkillers tripled from 5,000 to 16,500Read MoreEmotional Trauma and the Adolescent Brain Essay example1311 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesadolescent can have difficulty adapting and developing into adulthood. Kathleen J. Moroz, of the Vermont Agency of Human Services, defines trauma as a physical or psychological threat or assault to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s physical integrity, sense of self, safety of survival or to the physical safety of another person significant to the child. She goes on to list the types of trauma a child may be exposed to. Abuse of every kind, domestic violence, natural disasters, abandonment, serious illness or an accidentRead MoreMarijuana Should Be Banned Marijuana944 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto take measures to prevent abuse. This was the main purpose of the 1970 Controlled Substances Act. This Act classified drugs with the likelihood of being abused into three criteria: the possib ility of the drug being abused, usefulness as a medicine, and the psychological and physical consequences of its abuse. Marijuana fell under Schedule I which is the most restrictive. However, this law has been challenged by individual states and some state laws on substance abuse have removed some restrictionsRead MoreThe Long Term Effects Of Child Maltreatment On Adult Survivors898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCHILD MALTREATMENT ON ADULT SURVIVORS Child maltreatment is a term that covers a broad spectrum of child mistreatment including, child abuse (physical, sexual, and emotional) and child neglect (emotional and physical). Long term effects of child maltreat vary depending on the severity of the abuse or neglect and the length of time that the child is exposed to the abuse (i.e. if it is a onetime event or ongoing chronic exposure). As Greeson, et al. (2011), points out, child maltreatment experiences
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Last year saw many newcomers to the pop music category. Some had a lot of success while others didnt fare too well. Jon Secada, a former member of Gloria Estefans Miami Sound Machine, has just released his third single from his debut album. All three of his songs show his incredible talent he can sing fast or slow, always showing off his beautiful falsetto. His first two releases made it to the top five of the Top 40. His first, Just Another Day, made it to number five and stayed there for quite a while. His second, Do You Believe in Us, also stayed in the Top 40 for a long time, reaching its peak at number four. His newest release, Angel, is also headed in the same direction. Jon Secada is Hispanic and seems very proud of his heritage. He made Spanish remakes of Just Another Day and Angel, which both appear on his album. We will write a custom essay sample on Jon Secada or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Gloria Estefan helped Jon Secada a lot on his album especially with the Spanish lyrics. Many of the songs on Secadas album are good, but I doubt most of them will have the same success as his first two. I am pretty sure though that one song, Im Free, will make it to the Top 10, maybe even the Top 5. Its a beautiful song, listen for it on the radio after Angel has reached Number One. n
Friday, April 10, 2020
Othello By William Shakespeare In all of Shakespeare's great novels there are many experiences, tragic or otherwise that one can learn from. Shakespeare's novel Othello is not an exception this rule. Throughout Othello there are many examples of mistakes made by the characters that a reader can learn from. Learning from the flaws of others is one way that one can learn form Shakespeare's Othello. In the novel Othello there are many of these flaws throughout the story. There are many ways one can learn from the novel Othello. The major theme throughout Othello is that a man named Othello has made the mistake of letting his emotions get in the way of his reasoning. In the novel the main character Othello is a intelligent, well educated, worldly man that should not have let his emotions get the best of him. This is one example of a learning experience that is brought up in Othello that illustrates how one should not let emotions overpower reasoning. The theme throughout Othello seems to be that the wise Othello has let his emotions get the best of him. A character named Iago has stirred up Othello's emotions. Iago was shown throughout the novel telling Othello lies about his wife and friends. Othello started to see this as the truth. Othello was seemingly brain washed by Iago, into believing that his wife was unfaithful and his friends had betrayed him. This is another example of a learning experience that was brought forth in the novel Othello. The tragic flaw that Othello possessed was the combination of these two flaws. This is what Shakespeare seems to express as the most important moral experience that occurred in Othello. The combination of emotions such as jealousy and distrust made Othello make harsh decisions based purely on emotion. These emotions were brought on by the character Iago forcing his lies on to Othello. Shakespeare shows through these experience not just Othello's flaws but one of mans own tragic flaws. Another less major flaw that was Shakespeare brought forward in his novel Othello was the issue of rushing into things. Othello and Desdemona rushing into marriage illustrate this. This again is an example of emotion. The act of eloping seems to be done when the two are in the heat of passion. Again Othello has let his emotions get the best of him. In Shakespeare's Othello, there are many examples of mistakes made because of raw emotions. Othello has many faults that are shown throughout the course of the novel. Although Othello seems to have many of these faults his major fault is that he lets his emotions get the best of him. Shakespeare explores the way that emotions get the best of people in his play. The major learning experienced throughout the play is that one must control ones emotions. Shakespeare shows that even a seemingly great man such as Othello can let emotions dictate what he is going to do. This is what one can learn from Othello.
Monday, March 9, 2020
Policies for elderly care in the UK Essays Policies for elderly care in the UK Essay Policies for elderly care in the UK Essay Ripening SocietyPeoples are populating longer, particularly across the Western universe. This has produced a corresponding addition in wellness attention costs, because older people have a higher prevalence of degenerative and infective diseases ( Dietetics, 2006 ) . Ageing has been implicated in fleshiness, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and abnormal psychology ( Hu et al, 2000 ; BNF, 2004 ) . Presently, more than a fifth of the UK population is aged over 65 old ages, and this proportion will increase to around 30 % across Europe by 2030 ( BNF, 2001 ) Old age is characterised by a greater susceptibleness to degenerative, infective, familial, and lifestyle-related unwellnesss. ADepartment of Healthstudy in the early 90s found that over 50 % of the aged have a chronic unwellness, 20 % have problem visual perception, 10 % are unable to walk ( down the route, or up a stairway ) , and 50 % of adult females and a one-fourth of the work forces aged gt ; 85 old ages lacked the ability to cook a repast ( DOH, 1992 ) . These troubles continue to afflict the aged today ( BNF, 2003 ) , haltering their ability to provide for their nutritionary demands.NUTRITIONAL PATTERNSMalnutrition is a turning job amongst the aged ( Smithers et al, 1998 ; BNF, 2001, 2002, 2003 ; Dieteticss, 2006 ) . Nutrition demands go more critical with increasing age. Energy degrees drop off aggressively, doing an exponential decrease in BMR ( radical metabolic rates ) . It is of import for older people to stay active, consume equal measures of fat, fiber, saccharides, vitamins, and other micronutrients ( BNF, 2002, 2004 ) , and avoid intoxicant. However, a recent DEFRA [ 1 ] study of dietetic patterns in grownups ( DEFRA, 2004 ) revealed upseting nutritionary tendencies. Consumption of intoxicant and dietetic fat increased with aged, top outing between the ages of 50 to lt ; 65 ( intoxicant ) , and 65 to lt ; 75 ( fat ) ( see Figure 1 ) . Fruit ingestion peaked between 50 to lt ; 65 old ages, so showed a diminution through age 75. Energy consumption from fat and cholesterin increased with age, while Iron and fibre consumption seemed to stagnate throughout maturity ( see Figure 2 ) .Figure 1Household Outgo on Selected Foods by Age ( DEFRA, 2004, p.61 ) . X Axis represents the Age Groups, while Y Axis represents Pence per Person per Week.Figure 2Energy A ; Nutrient consumption for Selected Foods by Age ( DEFRA, 2004, p.62 ) . The X Axis represents the Age Groups. The Y Axis represents Intake per Person per Day in Grams ( Milligrams for Iron, Calcium, Cholesterol A ; Vitamin C ) . To suit the graph more handily, figures for Vitamin D and Potassium x 10, and Calcium /10 . Figure for Cholesterol foremost converted to Grams, so x 10.FACTORS IN MALNUTRITIONOlder people are more vulnerably to malnutrition for assorted grounds ( BNF, 2004 ; Dieteticss, 2006 ; Furman, 2006 ) . First, medical conditions, such as osteoporosis and bosom disease, may order what should or should non be eaten. Therefore, for illustration while oily/fatty nutrients like oleo spreads, which are a good beginning of Vitamin D, may besides be high in cholesterin and hence inappropriate for person with cardiovascular infirmities. Second hapless teething may halter the ability to masticate. Mobility restraints may forestall shopping for and readying of nutrient. Potential complications caused by drug prescriptions means that ingestion of certain nutrients may non be recommended. Economic adversities can restrict both the measure and quality of nutrient that can be purchased. Even the age-related impairment in the senses ( e.g. odor and gustatory sensation ) can impact nutrient pick i n the aged ( BNF, 2003 ) . Changes in intestine map can impair efficient soaking up of foods by the organic structure ( Dietetics, 2006 ) . Finally, as people age, they are more likely to be entirely and homebound ( e.g. due to illness ) . Suddenly, cooking and shopping at the local supermarket may go hard, and many aged people may happen themselves to a great extent dependent on shop closet nutrient or meals on wheelsÃ¢â¬â¢ . Consequently nutrient policies have been developed in the UK specifically to provide for the nutritionary demands of the aged.Existing nutrient policies [ 2 ] in Britain basically amount to supplying the aged with sufficient advice and information to enable them make the right nutrient picks ( FSA, 2005, 2006 ) . TheFood Standards Agencyhas outlined specific nutritionary guidelines for old people ( FSA, 2006 ) . These include eating plentifulness of nutrient rich in amylum and fiber ( e.g. staff of life, rice, cereals ) , iron-rich nutrients ( e.g. ruddy mea t, eggs, lentils, oily fish ) , foods/liquids rich in Vitamin C ( fruit juice, citrous fruit fruit, Piper nigrums, tomatoes ) , nutrients, rich in folic acid ( e.g. brown rice ) , and Ca rich nutrients ( e.g. milk, cheese ) . The FSA besides recommends Vitamin D addendums ( particularly for individuals of Asiatic beginning, who seldom venture out-of-doorss, and eat no meat or fish ) . Consumption of Vitamin A, K, and salt should be moderate. In their Strategic Plan 2005-2010 Puting Consumers First, the FSA ( 2005 ) places considerable accent onpick. Their policy is to advance healthier nutrient picks by supplying better information ( e.g. improved nutrition labelling, allergen labelling ) , modulating nutrient supplements/health claims based on sound grounds, and protecting against nutrient fraud. In add-on to FSA nutrition recommendations ( FSA, 2006 ) , Government sections, such as theDepartment of Health( DOH ) , and professional organic structures, notably theNational Institute for Clinical Excellence( NICE ) , besides issue specific guidelines for advancing nutrition in the aged in specific clinical and community scenes. These are considered below.Care/Nursing HomesSince a important proportion of the aged population reside in attention places, general ordinances for attention places Ã¢â¬â which include nutritionary criterions Ã¢â¬â have been published byDepartment of Health( DOH, 2001 ) , the Care Standards Inspectorate for Wales ( CSIW, 2004 ) , and the Scots Commission for the Regulation of Care ( SCRC, 2005 ) . Guidelines for Northern Ireland are espoused in theResidential Care Homes Regulations( NI ) 2005 ( Statutory Rules for Northern Ireland, 2005 ) . TheScots Office Department of Health( SODOH, 1997 ) published the Nursing Home Core Standard, which provides nutritionary counsel for nursing/care places. These organic structures all specify compulsory criterions associating to meal times, repast content, and bill of fare pick, consistent with n utrition specifications of the Food Standards Agency ( FSA, 2005, 2006 ) and NICE ( 2006 ) . Hospitals Hospitals in England and Wales are guided by NICE nutritionary guidelines, which although non specific to older patients, are applicable to any grownups who are malnourished or at hazard of malnutrition ( NICE, 2006 ) . TheBritish Dietetic Associationpublished Standards of Care for Older Adults in Hospital every bit early as 1993 ( BDA, 1993 ) , which includes nutritionary counsel. TheScots Nursing Home Core Standards for Nutrition( NHCSN ) provide a practical usher for staff working with aged patients in infirmaries. In 2002The National Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting Advisory Committee( NNMHVAC ) ( Scots Executive, 2002 ) set up a working group to see the nutritionary demands of older patients in Scots Hospitals, utilizing the Nursing Core Standards ( SODOH, 1997 ) . Overall, it is a recommended that patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ nutritionary demands are adequately addressed through nutritionarytesting, dietetic appraisal ( patients at hazard, dietetic penchants, hapless intake degree ) , dietetic consumption ( e.g. hygiene, meal telling system, menu design etc ) , and staff training/monitoring. Nutritional showing is now compulsory in Scots Hospitals ( Scottish Executive, 2002 ) . In Northern Ireland single Hospital Trusts are responsible for developing and implementing their ain guidelines. Own Home NICE guidelines are besides applicable to the place ( NICE, 2006, p.4 ) . Health attention professionals are required to set about supervising both in the infirmary and community. They are expected to develop patients and carers to recognize alterations in their nutritionary demands, and take appropriate action. Additionally, the FSA has published Ages and Stages Ã¢â¬â Eat WellÃ¢â¬â¢ , a self-help counsel that on what to eat ( nutrients rich in amylum, fiber, Fe etc ) , and vitamin/salt intake ( FSA, 2006 ) . These criterions are applicable across England, Wales, and Scotland [ 3 ] . Homebound In England, Scotland and Wales, it is the Local Governments that provide nutritionary support for homebound aged people, for illustration repast proviso ( e.g. place delivered hot/frozen repasts, aid with shopping ) and appraisal ( placing people at hazard of malnutrition ) . In Northern Ireland it is the Health Boards that provide these services. Other Developments In 2005 the Health Ageing Action Plan was published by theWelsh Assemblyto supply support to older people ( aged 50+ ) on assorted wellness issues, including nutrition ( Welsh Assembly Government, 2005 ) . The papers outlines assorted proposals such as supplying free conveyance to supermarkets, measuring the proviso of a meals-on-wheels strategy, and supplying appropriate preparation for caterers. The Welsh Assembly in concurrence with the FSA besides launched Food and Well-being in 2003, which outlines nutritionary schemes for vulnerable groups including the aged ( FSA/Welsh Assembly Government, 2003 ) .Figure 3Change in nutrient policy for the aged requires justification and a clear set of standards. Tangible conceptual and matter-of-fact restraints may hinder alteration. A theoretical account slackly based on Kurt Lewins ( 1951 )alterationÃ¢â¬â¢model.DEVELOPING NEW POLICIESDeveloping new nutritionary constabularies for the aged requires standards that define appropriate criterio ns and ends. The immediate concern is that policy alteration must be evidence-based ( Khan et al, 2003 ) . Second, precise aims must be set, which can be translated into auditable action programs ( e.g. addition in QALY [ 4 ] , or BMI [ 5 ] ) . Goals must be client- or patient-centred, in maintaining with professional ethical, and where possible involve input from multidisciplinary staff and carers. Once new policies are developed they have to be implemented. This entails a procedure of alteration, whereby bing criterions are modified, supplemented, or replaced wholly. Harmonizing to Kurt Lewin ( 1951 ) such alteration is occurs in an environment of restraining and drive forces ( see Figure 3 ) . Furman ( 2006 ) elucidates some of these restraints, including the deficiency of clear definitions about what exactly constitutes malnutrition, inconclusive diagnostic standards, confusion about symptomatology and associated unwellnesss, uncoordinated attention proviso, limited intervention options, and improper prescriptions ( e.g. medicines that interfere with soaking up of foods ) . Extra restraints include organizational inactiveness, increased work loads for attention staff, entrenched behavioral norms, in both patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ and attention staff, unequal preparation for all concerned, and overall, a generalinvoluntarinessamongst the aged to alter long-run life styles and dietetic patterns. Antagonizing these barriers are driving forces, chiefly the demand to better attention proviso for the aged and cut down the prevalence and incidence if malnutrition. Policy execution is improbable to win unless hindrances to better nutritionary wellness are first overcome.RecommendationExisting nutrient policies for turn toing the demands of the aged population seem adequate at aconceptualdegree. Both the NICE, and FSA, offer really exact counsel on specific nutritionary demands, so that many aged people populating on their ain, or being cared for in a hospital/nursing place , may in fact be feeding healthily.The job is non the policies themselves but instead the deficiency ofconsistenceof application, across different attention scenes and parts of the United Kingdom. The consequence is that the quality of nutritionary attention and back up the aged receive may depend to a great extent on where they live. Both Wales and Scotland appear to hold better developed policies for advancing nutrition in the aged. For illustration, in Scotland, theNursing and Midwifery Practice Development Unit( NMPDU, 2002 ) has issued a best practiceÃ¢â¬â¢ statement for nutritionary attention of the aged within the Scots NHS, which includes specific action programs for nutritionary appraisal, diet, etc. In Wales, Welsh Assembly and FSA have both produced counsel paperss specifically to advance wellness eating in older grownups ( FSA/Welsh Assembly, 2003 ; Welsh Assembly, 2005 ) . However, there is less lucidity about best practiceÃ¢â¬â¢ criterions being applied in England and Northern Ireland, nor do at that place look to be specific NHS, FSA, orHouse of Commonspolicies for England and Northern Ireland. Three outstanding policy issues are considered below ( see Figure 4 ) .While the FSAsStrategic Planfor 2005-2010 lineations specific ends and actions to be taken over the following few old ages to better nutritionary criterions, this papers makes no specific mention to the aged. It is clear that older people have really specific nutritionary demands, non to advert alone restrains that may contradict proper eating ( e.g. limitations imposed by medical or dental damage, such as deficiency of mobility, trouble cookery ) . Therefore, it is indispensable for the FSA to put out age-specific proposals sing nutrient safety, wellness feeding and pick, the cardinal issues highlighted in the current papers. The FSA can besides assist develop strategies specific to England, Scotland, and Northern Ireland, instead similar to theFood and Wellbeingproposals develope d with the Welsh Assembly ( FSA/Welsh Assembly, 2003 ) . Best Practice The Scots NHS best practiceÃ¢â¬â¢ criterions published by theNursing and Midwifery Practice Development Unit( NMPDU, 2002 ) should be applicable across the UK. Presently, it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t clear whether these criterions are implemented outside Scotland. The execution ofNursing Home Core Standardsin Scotland has been closely monitored with the publication of a study, set up by the NNMHVAC [ 6 ] ( Scottish Executive, 2002 ) . The purpose of this working group was to measure execution of criterions, and place illustrations of best practiceÃ¢â¬â¢ . Similar execution and monitoring of nutritionary criterions and best pattern for the aged should use to the NHS in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Nutritional Screening Malnutrition in the aged can hold really terrible wellness deductions ( Scots Executive, 2002, p. 3 ) . Therefore, it would look sensible to guarantee that every older grownup above a certain age is undergoes compulsory nutritionary showing on a regular footing. Presently, NICE guidelines recommend testing in clinical ( i.e. infirmary and professional attention ) scenes. However, Ellen ( 2006 ) emphasises the importance of nutritionary appraisal for the aged acrossbothclinical and community ( i.e. place ) locales, reasoning that failure to measure and handle malnutrition in community-dwelling older grownups can take to both physical and functional disablements that result in admittance to acute attention infirmaries, long-run attention installations, or death ( p.23 ) . Old people who are populating at place or homebound may non undergo need particular agreements to be in topographic point ( e.g. regular place showing carried out by a sing nurse ) , to guarantee that those with nutri tionary lacks are identified rapidly. Nutritional showing should be cosmopolitan and applicable to all attention places and NHS Hospital Trusts. Screening processs published by theBritish Dietetic Association( BDA, 1999 ) can be used as a templet for developing guidelines. Other Considerations The DEFRAFamily Foodstudy ( DEFRA, 2004 ) indicated upseting age-related derived functions in nutritionary hazard ( see Figures 1 and 2 ) . For illustration, 50-65 old ages olds seems to describe peculiarly high degrees of outgo on intoxicant ( Figure 1 ) , Calcium and Vitamin C intake both seem to drop off beyond age 75, and dietetic fat ingestion seems to increase exponentially from the 50-65 to the 65-75 age bracket, and beyond ( see Figure 2 ) . Such forms may warrant the development of nutritionary policies tailored for specific mark ( age ) groups even among the aged, but this is non a major consideration.Figure 4Bettering Nutrition for the Aged: Three Avenues for ImprovementDecisionIn decision, bing nutrient policies for the aged are multifaceted and applicable to a assortment of scenes. The adequateness of current policies is remains questionable every bit long as malnutrition amongst older grownups continues to turn. Make new policies need to be developed? Possibly, albeit i t can be argued that bing policies are non needfully flawed ( i.e. inadequate ) . Rather, the job is that execution has been inconsistent across different parts of the UK, and besides different attention scenes. Policy development, executing, and scrutinizing, seem far more advanced in Scots NHS Trusts, compared to England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The 2002 study by the Nursing and Midwifery Visiting Committee cites legion illustrations of good practiceÃ¢â¬â¢ in which Nursing Home Core Standards for nutrition were implemented to advance nutrition for older patients ( Scots Executive, 2002 ) . What is required hence isnÃ¢â¬â¢t new policies, but instead the constitution ofPractice Development Unit of measurementsacross the UK. These can publish statements of best pattern, and back up execution of nutritionary guidelines, as is the instance in Scotland ( NMPDU, 2002 ) . Guidelines must besides be in topographic point to ease best pattern incommunityscenes ( e.g. at place ) , non merely in professional attention scenes ( e.g. infirmaries ) , with particular support for home-aloneÃ¢â¬â¢ or home boundÃ¢â¬â¢ people.BDA ( 1993Dietary Standards of Care for the Older Adult in Hospital. London:British Dietetic Association.BDA ( 1999 )Nutritional Screening ToolsÃ¢â¬âProfessional Development CommitteeBriefing Paper No. 9. London: British Dietetic Association.BNF ( 2001 )Healthy Ageing in Europe ( HP 9 ). London: British Nutrition Foundation.BNF ( 2002 )Vitamins A and E for the Elderly ( CG 58 ). London: British NutritionFoundation.BNF ( 2003 )Reasonable Food for the Elderly ( CG 66 ). London: British NutritionFoundation.BNF ( 2004 ) Older Adults. London: British Nutrition Foundation.DEFRA ( 2004 )Family Food: A study on the 2002-03 Outgo and Food Survey.London: Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs.DOH ( 1992 )Report on Health and Social Subjects 31Ã¢â¬âThe Nutrition of ElderlyPeoples. Committee of Medical Aspects of Food Policy. London: Depa rtmentof Health.Dieteticss ( 2006 ) Undernutrition in the Elderly [ online ] Energy Active.hypertext transfer protocol: //www.dietetics.co.uk/article-undernutrition-in-the-elderly.asp [ Accessed12 August 2006 ]FSA ( 2005 )Strategic Plan 2005-2010: Puting Consumers First. London: FoodStandards Agency.FSA ( 2006 ) Eat good, be good [ online ] Crown Copyright.hypertext transfer protocol: //www.eatwell.gove.uk/agesandstages/olderpeople/ [ Accessed 12 August 2006 ]FSA/Welsh Assembly Government ( 2003 )Food and Wellbeing: ReductionInequalities through a Nutrition Strategy for Wales. Cardiff: Welsh AssemblyGovernment.Furman, E.F. ( 2006 ) Undernutrition in older grownups across the continuum of attention:nutritionary appraisal, barriers, and intercessions.Journal of GerontologicalNursing. 32, pp.22-27.Hu, F.B. , Rimm, E.B. , Stampfer, M.J. , Ascherio, A. , Spiegelman, D. A ; Willett, W.C.( 2000 ) Prospective survey of major dietetic forms and hazard of coronary bosomdisease in work forces .American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 72, pp.912-921.Khan, K. , Kunz, R. , Kleijnen, J. A ; Antes, G. ( 2003 )Systematic Reviews to SupportEvidence-based Medicine: How to Review and Apply Findings of HealthcareResearch. Oxford: Royal Society of Medicine Press.Lewin, K. ( 1951 )Field Theory in Social Science. New York: Harper A ; Row.NICE ( 2006 )Nutrition Support for Adults: Oral Nutrition Support, Enteral TubeFeeding and Parenteral Nutrition. London: National Institute of ClinicalExcellence.NMPDU ( 2002 )Nutrition for Physically Frail Older Peoples. Edinburgh: Nursing A ;Midwifery Practice Development Unit.Scots Executive ( 2002 )National Nursing Midwifery A ; Health Visiting AdvisoryCommittee: Promoting Nutrition for Older Adult In-Patients in NHS Hospitalsin Scotland. Edinburgh: Scots Executive.Smithers, G. , Finch, S. , Doyle, W. , Lowe, C. , Bates, C.J. , Prentice, A. A ; Clarke, P.C.( 1998 ) The national diet and nutrition study: people aged 65 old ages and over.Nutrit ion A ; Food Science. 3, pp.133-137.SODOH ( 1997 )Nursing Home Core Standards. NHS MEL 34. Edinburgh: ScotsOffice of the Department of Health.Welsh Assembly Government ( 2005 )Healthy Ageing Action Plan for Wales: AngstromResponse to Health Challenge Wales. Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.1
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Current Defense Policies - Essay Example financial and diplomatic aid in Pakistan asserting that most of the Pakistani leaders were unaware that the terrorist was taking refuge in their country (Forest 2011). In addition, he also alleged that the end of Al-QaedaÃ¢â¬â¢s reign of terror is inevitable since majority of the Muslim world has forsaken them, as well as their cause, and with Bin Laden gone, finances might die down to nothing (Forest 2011). Analysis Forest (2011) asserted that the withdrawal of U.S troops, and funding in Pakistan was uncalled for since they were ignorant of Bin LadenÃ¢â¬â¢s occupation in their country. The alliance between the Al-Qaeda and the Taliban is no secret. According to Omar bin Laden (Maclean 2010); the success of Al-Qaeda lies in their alliance with the Taliban. Although there is no concrete proof to establish the ties between the Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate (ISI) and the two Islamic militia, ISIs history of working with drug dealers and Islamic extremist, their involvement in delivering Taliban to power in Afghanistan in the 1990s, as well as their association with the perpetrators of the 2008 Mumbai attacks, cannot be put to rest (Inter-services Intelligence, 2011). The Central Intelligence Agency and the ISI has successfully worked together to seize many Al-Qaeda operatives in Pakistan.